Amy Johnson Crow introduced the 52 Ancestors in 52 Weeks challenge on her No Story Too Small blog in 2014. This year she continued the challenge, but also added a weekly theme. This week’s theme is: Week 32 (August 6-12) – 32. For Week 32, let’s focus on one of your 32 3rd-great-grandparents. (If you’ve already written about all of them — first, congrats on identifying all of them! — consider writing about one of their siblings.)
The 3rd great grandparent I’ve decided to write about is Mary Scott.
Mary died on 7th April 1872 at Cockatoo Gully in the District of Amherst in the Colony of Victoria1. Her death certificate provides the following information about Mary:
At the time of her death she was 80 years old, indicating she was born about 1792. Her parents were listed as David Scott, labourer, and Mary Scott, maiden name not known. She was born in Cumberland, England, and had spent 4 years in Adelaide, 6 years in Sydney, and 10 years in Victoria. She had married William Gill when she was 25 years old (indicating she was married about 1817), in Cumberland, England. Her children were: Ann deceased, John 48 years, Jane 46 years and Mary 45 years. The informant at her death was her son John Gill, who resided at Cockatoo Gully.
The length of time in the Australian colonies indicated that Mary had arrived in 1852, and since Adelaide was listed first, it could be assumed that she had arrived there first.
From her death certificate, we can see that her son John had also migrated to Australia, and I already knew that her daughter Mary also came to Victoria, as Mary was my 2x great grandmother, and I had found her records before looking for her mother.
It seemed likely that the family came as a group. One of the resources for finding immigration records to South Australia is The Ships List. On this database I found the following from the passenger list for the Shackamaxon, which arrived at Port Adelaide, South Australia, on 19th January 1853:
Gill John age 28, miner, birthplace Cumberland
Gill Mary, age 48, housemaid & ?, Cumberland
Gill Mary, age 23, dairymaid, Cumberland
Gill Jane, age 26, dairymaid, Cumberland
Although the age for Mary indicates a birth year of 1805 (not 1792), and there is no mention of Mary’s husband William Gill, the details for John, Mary (age 23), and Jane match the information on Mary’s death certificate, so this appears to be my family.
The next thing to do was to look for the family on the 1841 and 1851 England Censuses.
On the 1841 England Census, I found the following household at Prospect, Township of Hayton and Mealo, Aspatria, Cumberland2:
- William Gill, age 50, coal miner, born in county No
- Mary Gill, age 45, born in county Yes
- John Gill, age 15, born in county Yes
- Jane Gill, age 14, born in county Yes
- Mary Gill, age 12, born in county Yes
These ages match up with the information on Mary’s death certificate. Also, her daughter Mary’s marriage certificate had listed her father as William Gill, coal miner, so this did appear to be my family.
The 1851 census shows Mary Gill was living at Oughterside and Allerby, Cumberland3. She was born about 1793 in Aspatria Cumberland. She was a widow. Also in the household was her son John, age 28, occupation coal miner, birthplace Threepland.
FamilySearch has a baptism record for a Mary Scot on 12 February 1792 in Aspatria, Cumberland, England4. Her parents were listed as David Scot and Anne. Although there is a discrepancy in her mother’s name, this seems likely to have been our Mary’s baptism.
Sources of information
- Mary Gill, death certificate no. 3354 (1872), Registry of Births, Deaths and Marriages, Victoria, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
- 1841 census of England, Aspatria, Cumberland, folio 10, page 14, Mary Gill, age 45; digital images, ancestry.com, com.au(http://www.ancestry.com.au/ : accessed 11 Aug 2015); citing PRO HO 107/160/3.
- 1851 census of England, Oughterside and Allerby, Cumberland, folio 433, page 27, Mary Gill, age 58; digital images, ancestry.com, com.au(http://www.ancestry.com.au/ : accessed 11 Aug 2015); citing PRO HO 107/2435.
- FamilySearch, “England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975,” database, FamilySearch (https://www.familysearch.org/ : accessed 11 Aug 2015), Mary Scot, 12 Feb 1792; citing: ASPATRIA,CUMBERLAND,ENGLAND, reference; FHL microfilm 90,560.